Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from its capital Gombe and it is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria. it was created out of Bauchi State on 1st October 1996 by the late General Sanni Abachas Administration with its capital at Gombe. The state shares common borders with Borno to the East, Yobe to the North, Taraba Adamawa state to the South, and Bauchi State to the West. The State, is nicknamed the Jewel in the savannah because of its location in the north eastern zone, right within the expansive savannah. The state has an area of 20,265 km2 and a population of around 1.8 million.
Gombe State is a multi-ethnic society with many tribal groups which include Tangale, Terawa, Igala, Waja, Fulani, Hausa with their different cultural as well as lingual affiliations. The second largest ethnic group is the Tera which occupies greater part of Yamaltu Deba Local Government. Gombe State is also blessed with some minority ethnic group among others Bolewa, Kanuri, Dadiya, Waja and fulani groups which occupy a sizeable part of some remote areas of the state. The state capital, of Gombe, is a reflection of the heterogeniety of the state.
Gombe state comprises of many tribal groups which include Fulani, Kanuri, Hausa, Bolewa, Tangale, Terawa, Waja, Lunguda, Dadiya, Banbuka , Kamo/Awak, Kumo, Jukun, Pero/Shonge, Tula and Cham. Hausa is the commercial language amidst the people.
Gombe State is mainly populated by Fulani People constituting more than half of the state population. Other minor ethnic groups include the Hausa, Kanuri, Bolewa, Tera, Tangale and Waja.
Local Government Areas
Gombe State has eleven (11) local government councils which are Gombe, Billiri, Akko, Balanga, Shongom, Funikaye, Dukku, Yamatta, Bayoga, and Kwami local government councils.
Education is given priority in the state and many primary and secondary schools, colleges of education, and an Arabic teacher’s college have been established to provide the people with quality education.
Gombe state is home to Federal University Kashere, Gombe State University, College of Education Billiri and State Polytechnic Bajoga . The Abubakar Umar Memorial Stadium, which is home to the Gombe United F.C. is located in Gombe.
The inhabitants of Gombe state are majorly farmers who produce food and cash crops. Farmers in Gombe state grow Cereals (Maize, Sorghum, Rice and wheat), Fruits (Orange, Lemon, Mango, Guava, Paw-paw and grapes), Legumes (Cow-peas, groundnuts, soya-beans and bambara nuts), Tree Crops (Gum Arabic, Kenaf, sugar cane, sunflower and ginger), Vegetables ( Tomatoes, pepper, onions, okra, pumpkin and melon).
The state also have Industries which include Ashaka Cement Plc, cotton ginneries, furniture and block making industries, and other small scale industries.
Gombe is blessed with natural resources like Uranium, Gypsum, and Limestone.
Tourist attractions in the state includes: The Tomb of Sultan Attairu, The Tomb of Bubayero, The famous Bima Hill, The Dadin Kowa Dam, The Killang hill, The Tula Plateau, The Bulok warm Spring, The Kalam hill, The Cham Valley, The Ancient Binga Ruins, Major Marsh Grave, Lt. Philips Grave, Bage hills, Tula hideout caves, kanawa forest.
kamo, yeku, bashari, ilar-zhare, yilin, chugothe, dambang,kuram,kamo hunting festival